Although they are similar as notions – the taste, aroma and bouquet designate different things. From the moment you start to distinguish their features and to assign them appropriate qualities, you become better in recognizing the ingredients of the wines, in ranking alcoholic drinks and defining the things you love. The knowledge of these details starts with understanding each notion separately, one by one, and this is what we are going to do next.
- The taste refers to the sensations that we feel by means of taste, when tasting a wine.
- The aroma defines what we feel with the help of our sense of smell.
- The bouquet is made of the perfect blend between the taste and the aroma.
What is the Taste?
The taste can be felt only with the tongue. All the sensations you experience when you taste something – sweet, salty, sour, tart, spicy or piquant are related to the taste. Our tongue has two types of receptors: one type of receptors is responsible for the taste and these are called taste buds, and the other type of receptors are nerve endings that distinguish small features such as texture and the viscosity of the wine.
There is also the “umami” taste (deliciousness) and the “metallic” taste, that sparked many arguments, but it has not yet been found whether they deserve a place among the five primary tastes or are only the combination between the taste and the texture.
What is the Aroma?
The aroma is the elegant word we use to talk about smells.
Odors are perceived by the part of the brain that controls emotions, long-term memory, behavior and desires. We can distinguish the smell of liquids in 2 different ways. The first method is by using our nostrils, the second method – by distinguishing the aroma after swallowing the wine, an aroma in retrospect. To understand and distinguish in a successful manner the features of a wine both methods are important. By completing each other they give us a comprehensive view on the components in the glass.
The bouquet is a fluent combination between the odor, the taste and the texture. It is a mix of emotions, memories and sensations that we feel when tasting a wine. It is more complicated when you have to transfer these feelings into words. That is why, quite often, the language used to describe a wine seems elusive and inaccurate, but once you keep in your memory those sensations and use the appropriate assessment for each notion separately, you will surely succeed in this field.
How to use this knowledge in everyday life?
Once you have gained the ability to feel the difference between the taste, the aroma and the bouquet you will understand better what are your preferences, you will be able to identify the classes of wine by the aroma or taste that fits you best. But the most interesting is that … if you have a good sense of observation, you will understand what types of wines your friends prefer, so that the moment you show up with a bottle of Casa Amati wine you conquer them forever.
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